My name is Tony Hiam, and I have produced this site in an attempt to keep the Billy Bunter stories alive, and also to acknowledge the tremendous work of Frank Richards (real name Charles Hamilton). This site is dedicated to all the followers of The Magnet and Billy Bunter. I have endeavoured to provide some of the more interesting (to me at least) facts and figures relating to The Magnet, Frank Richards, and the schoolboys of Greyfriars School. In addition I have also added a few light-hearted fun items... Just for the fun of it!
The direct access URL to bookmark is http://billybunter.comuf.com/greyfriars.htm
Frank Richards had to see an editor, and took along several sketches. A sketch of Billy Bunter was amongst them. The editor chose something else, and Billy Bunter was put on hold for eight years.
Then, in 1908, the editor of The Magnet called Frank Richards into his office, and invited Frank Richards to write for a new boys paper. Billy Bunter was inserted into the story as a minor character, and things took off from there. Billy Bunter was reborn!
The "Frank Richards" that I refer to is a pen name for "Charles Hamilton". However, substitute writers were used from time to time to write Billy Bunter stories in The Magnet. These substitute writers also used the name "Frank Richards". So, as you read your copy of The Magnet (always by "Frank Richards"), you may in fact be reading a story penned by a substitute writer. So that you know whether you are reading the genuine article, or a story penned by a substitute writer, here is a list of Magnet issues believed to have been written by substitute writers
I have made the list easy to cross reference writer to Magnet issue or Magnet issue to writer.
Press the button to open the list.
The Magnet (launched by The Amalgamated Press) was published over a 32 year period between 1908 and 1940. The main, but not the exclusive writer, was Frank Richards, which was a pen name for Charles Harold St John Hamilton.
The very first issue of The Magnet (The Making of Harry Wharton) was published on Saturday February 15 1908 and the final published issue (The Shadow of the Sack) was published 18 May 1940. Of the 1683 issues of The Magnet, Frank Richards wrote around 1380 of them, with fill in writers writing the remainder. The stories in the Magnet were often spread over several issues, but it was not unusual to have a single issue of the Magnet contain a complete story. Some stories were edited and reprinted in paperback form in the 1970's. Sadly, The Second World War saw an end to The Magnet due to paper shortages. Frank Richards had written and submitted a further four stories for the Magnet (The Battle of the Beaks, Bandy Bunter, What Happened to Hacker, & The Hidden Hand), however, these four stories have been lost with the closure of The Magnet. Part of one further story does survive, as it was not actually sent to The Magnet offices with the previous four issues (presumably because it had not been completed). This very last issue intended for publication in The Magnet, incomplete as it is, would have been issue 1688 of The Magnet. The story continues the drama between Mr. Hacker, Master of the Shell, and Harry Wharton, which started with issue 1683. (The Shadow of the Sack)
After the Magnet ceased publication, Frank Richards continued to write Billy Bunter stories, and these were published in paperback or hardback, initially by Charles Skilton, then Cassells. (See the section "Frank Richards after The Magnet" for more information). There were also comic stories and a TV series. Omnibus volumes of the Magnet were reprinted by Howard Baker from 1969 to 1991. He published 100 standard volumes, 93 special collector volumes as well as several holiday annuals. ( As well as omnibus volumes of "The Gem"). Each volume typically had 7 to 10 faithful facsimile reprints of the original Magnet in a hard cover. The Collector volumes also came with a slipcase. When he died in Feb 1991, he was within 200 issues of reprinting the entire run of Magnets. Other publishers include Quiller Press Ltd ( re-issued and re-illistrated. Edited by Kay King), The Comet (taken over by Amalgamated Press, revived Greyfriar's on a weekly basis), Armada Books, Mandeville Publications ( Billy Bunters Own Annual No.s 1 to 3), Oxenhoath Press ( Billy Bunter Own Annual No.s 4 to 8), Bristol Evening World, Merlin Books, and Museum Press.
Magnet issues fall into the following "eras", as
determined by the covers.
[Examples from each era are shown below]
Greyfriars School is located in the county of Kent (The south eastern corner of England). Not too surprisingly, the county of Kent also just happens to be where Frank Richards home was located!
Nearby, are the schools of Highcliffe, Courtfield County Council School, & Cliff House. A little further afield, but not on this map are the schools of Rookwood, & St Jims.
Above is another map, presented in Magnet number 1672, of Greyfriars locality.
The text associated with it was...THE MAP YOU HAVE BEEN WAITING FOR!The innumerable requests that have been received from time to time from Magnet readers for
the publication of a map which will show the lie of the land around Greyfriars school, will be
satisfied at last! A clever artist who is also a keen reader of the MAGNET, was induced to
take on the task of producing such a map. From his own intimate acquaintance with hundreds
of Mr. Frank Richards' stories, and aided by data supplied by ourselves, he produced this detailed
plan, which I think you will agree, is a very fine piece of work, and one which will repay very
careful study on your part. Frank Richards' own comment is : "This map is astonishingly like
my own idea of the vicinity of Greyfriars School." - Your Editor
KEEP IT FOR YOUR REFERENCE!
There is also an alternative view of the Greyfriars Locality, that
you can see in detail by clicking this button.
This map (drawn around 1967) seems to have been based on a drawing that appeared in 1915, in Magnet Number 409. That original 1915 drawing was reportedly done by H. W. Twyman, then an office boy on the Companion papers, who later rose to become editor of Union Jack and Detective Weekly.
As you can see, the three maps don't quite agree as to the correct layout of things around Greyfriars. It is my belief that the first map is the more accurate.
You will just have to make up your own mind as to which map, you think, is more accurate!
The following map of the school is an enlarged version of the insert on the locality map.
As written by the headmaster, The Rev. Herbert Henry Locke, D.D.
PLEASANTLY situated near the south coast of Kent, the Monastery of Greyfriars ranked among the finest of the day.
Through Henry VIII's order of the "Closing of the Monasteries," this fine building was shut down. The monks, or friars, hid themselves for a time in the crypt, and lived in the vaults between the priory and the chapel. These were in a good state of repair in those days.
But somebody, for a large reward offered by the King, betrayed the monks, and brought them up before Henry, who told the friars they would be allowed to go free if they revealed the whereabouts of the far-famed Grey Friars' treasure. But the brave old friars would not say a word, so the King had them all executed. Henry afterwards organised many search parties, but the friars had hidden the treasure securely. To this day it has not been found.
For many years after that the monastery was allowed to go to decay. In 1551, Edward VI restored it and opened it as a school for poor, but studious boys, whose parents could not afford to have them educated. This prospered slowly until the reign of Charles II, when a newly-erected wing and two-thirds of the original building were burnt to the ground.
Fifty years later a good college was built for gentlemen's sons. In 1716, Greyfriars, as it now stands, was started on the career it has achieved today. The only reminders we have of olden days are now in complete ruin.
There is the wonderful old priory, with its vaults and subterranean tunnel (see Magnet issues 1354 to 1358 The Kidnapped Schoolboys Jan / Feb 1934) , leading to the crypt, beneath the ruined chapel in the cloisters. East of the cloisters there is the curious, old, ivy-covered tower surrounded by a mass of fallen pillars of masonry. This, and the shady grass-covered land around, is all that is left of the famous old monastery of the first Grey Friars.
N.B.Passes out of gates are given on application to, and at the discretion of, any master or prefect.Failure to observe the times and regulations stipulated above will be reported to the Form-master of the delinquent, or, in exceptional cases, to the Headmaster.
Headmaster: The REV. HERBERT HENRY LOCKE D.D.
There is no division between houses at Greyfriars, though in the event of any further considerable increase to the numbers, a new house would no doubt have to be established.
Form Master: DR LOCKE, D.D.
WINGATE, George Bernard CARNE, Arthur Woodhead COKER, Reginald COURTNEY, Arthur Evans FAULKNER, Lawrence GWYNNE, Patric HAMMERSLEY, Vincent LODER, Gerald Assheton NORTH, Tom VALENCE, Rupert Wingfield WALKER, James
(Average age of the Form, about 17. There is considerable variation. Coker Minor is only 16, Loder and others are at least 18.)
Form Master: PAUL PONTIFEX PROUT, M.A.
BLUNDELL, George BLAND, Bertrum COKER, Horace James FITZGERALD, Terence GREENE, William Freedrick HILTON, Cedric POTTER, George PRICE, Steven SMITH, Edward William TOMLINSON, Thomas Trotter
(The ages of the fellows in the fifth would from a trifle over 15 to 17. Boys are not put into Forms on their age, but in general-there may be a few exceptions - in accordance with their scholastic attainments - or lack of them)
Form Master: HORACE MANFRED HACKER B.A.
HOBSON, James CARR, Albert CHOWNE, Cholmondeley HOSKINS, Claude MILES, Samuel RAYNER, Neil STEWART, Edward
(Average age, a trifle lower than that of the fifth, but range of age scarcely less wide. The are for instance, a number of fellows in the fifth younger than Hobson, while there are a few in the Shell no older than some of those in the Upper Fourth or Remove)
UPPER FOURTH FORM
Form Master: ALGERNON JASPER CAPPER M.A.
TEMPLE, Cecil Reginald DABNEY, William Walter FRY, Edward MACDOUGLE, Ronald MURPHY, Shamus SCOTT, James Kennith TOMLINSON, Teddy
(Not much difference in age between Upper and Lower Fourth)
REMOVE (LOWER FORTH FORM)
Form Master: HORACE HENRY SAMUEL QUELCH M.A.
WHARTON, Harry BOLSOVER, Percy BROWN, Tom BULL, John, Junior BULSTRODE, George BUNTER, William George CHERRY, Robert DELAREY, Piet DESMOND, Michael DUTTON, Thomas ELLIOTT, Ninian FIELD, Sampson Quincy Iffley FISH, Fisher Tarleton GLENN, Charles George HAZELDENE, Peter KIPPS, Oliver LINLEY, Mark MAULEVERER, The Earl MORGAN, David NEWLAND, Montague NUGENT, Frank OGILVY, Robert Donald PENFOLD, Richard RAKE, Richard RUSSELL, Richard SINGH, Hurree Jamset Ram SKINNER, Harold SMITH, Robert Fortescue SNOOP, Sidney James STOTT, William TODD, Alonzo Theophilus TODD, Peter TRELUCE, Anthony TREVOR, Herbert Beauchamp VERNON-SMITH, Herbert: VIVIAN, Sir James, Bart WIBLEY, William WUN LUNG
(The average age of the Remove is about 15. There is variation to the extent of well over a year, however.)
Form Master: EUSEBIUS TWIGG B.A.
(Mr Earnest Blaine who was formally master of the Third is now in the army)
BOLSOVER, Hubert BOLTER, Oliver LUNN, Harold O'ROURKE, Tom PAGET, Percival Spencer TUBB, George WINGATE, Jack
(There is a widish variation in age in the Third. Some of the older boys are 14; some of the younger ones are only about 12. This is not a complete list - only the Remove is accorded the honour of mention right through the roll-call.)
Form Master: BERNARD MORRISON TWIGG B.A. - (Brother of Third Form's master)
BUNTER, Samuel Tuckless CASTLE, Thomas GATTY, George Adalbert HOP HI MYERS, Edwin NUGENT, Richard SYLVESTER, Roderick
(The ages of the Second range from 10˝ or thereabouts to a little over 12)
The First Form is rarely mentioned. In The Red Magnet era , a First Form at Greyfriars did most definitely exist. It is mentioned on several occasions and even gives a character , Smith Minimus of that form in one story.
The Greyfriars Herald from 30 Jan 1932 had this to say about the First Form at Greyfriars...
From time immemorial there has been no First Form at Greyfriars. Recently, however, persistent rumours have been going around to the effect that a First Form is to be created next term.
Our special commissioner has been touring the school trying to find out whether these rumours have any foundation. He sends us the following report:
To a trained and observant eye there are many indications of the early appearance of a new First Form.
In the school tuck-shop for instance, feeding bottles and rattles have appeared in the window. This looks ominous.
A mysterious lady who visited Greyfriars the other day informed Gosling that she was going to be a form mistress here shortly. Her name is nurse Bullwinkle, and her picture will be familiar to thousands of our readers in the illustrated advertisements for Mother Mugwump's Teething Mixture.
Play-pens, un-tearable rag books, and alphabetical bricks have been arriving by local carrier in large quantities.
The Third and Second Forms are being instructed in cradle rocking.
[Look here Special Commissioner, we're not suspicious, but we feel a sort of doubt about the exact truth of all this; perhaps we had better look into it ourselves before we print the rest -Ed].
Selling for ˝d, the first issue of The Magnet introduces Harry Wharton, and Frank Nugent in (The Making of Harry Wharton). Their first meeting started off with a fight on the way to Greyfriars School. This was followed by Wharton saving Nugent who falls into the River Sark just as they arrive at Greyfriars school.
The story continues as Nugent tries in vain to befriend Wharton, after Wharton saves him from the drowning. Wharton however is determined to hate Greyfriars and everyone there. In a fight with Bulstrode, Wharton brakes Bulstrode's camera, and refused to pay for it. A form disciplinary trial finds Wharton guilty and he is ordered to pay for the camera. He tries to run away, only to be stopped by Nugent outside the school gates at night. Wharton shakes Nugent's hand away a walks into the night... only to be struck down by a tramp. Nugent runs to his aid, and is himself struck unconscious by the tramp who then runs off. Wharton tends to Nugent's wounds and they become friends, with Wharton helping Nugent back to the school. "Friends now for life".
Characters introduced in this issue include Harry Wharton, Nugent, Bulstrode (captain of the form), and of course Billy Bunter himself. In the first issues Billy Bunter took a tame position, his character had yet to develop into the main character.
And for those of you curious to see how it all
started, here is beginning part of the very first chapter of The
Magnet, Volume 1 Number 1.
(Titled "The Making of Harry Wharton")
THE MAKING OF HARRY WHARTON
THE FIRST CHAPTER.
Sent to Scbool.
Readers of The Magnet will be unlikely to have ever seen the last story written (in 1940), intended to be The Magnet issue 1688, by Frank Richards. As mentioned earlier, before the demise of The Magnet, Frank Richards had submitted 4 further stories, with a fifth being in the process of being completed. Only the beginning part of the very last story still survives. The last few paragraphs of this incomplete story are reproduced here for those of you who are curious to see how it was all left. This story was part five of a series that was never finished. The series revolves around an ongoing feud between Harry Wharton and Hacker, with Quelch standing up for Harry Wharton.
Frank Richards used the same typewriter for 40 years!(An old Remmington)
Frank Richards died on Christmas eve, 1961, at the age of 85.
Frank Richards was born 8th August 1876, this means that he would have been 32 years old when he first wrote the first issue for The Magnet
He would have been 64 years old when The Magnet closed.
Assuming Billy Bunter was 15 years old when The Magnet first appeared, then he should be around 107 years old today (assuming he is still alive)!
If Billy Bunter was 15 years old when the last copy of The Magnet hit the street, then he should be around 75 years old today.
There is a museum dedicated to Charles Hamilton (Frank Richards' real name) in Maidstone in Kent, England. It's a private collection. If you wrote and made arrangements in advance you might get shown some stuff, but you can't just drop in. I have had confirmation that it is still operational as at APRIL 2005.
There is another museum reportedly located at Kingsgate Castle. I have no other details.
If you visit the Film/TV/Photography Museum at Bradford, you can try to see the 30 minute 1956 Christmas episode they have for viewing.
- (A reader reported doing this in July 2006 - I have no further details, other than he enjoyed the show very much, and that it includes Anthony Valentine as an actor).
It is estimated that Frank Richards wrote 72 million words in 7,000 stories
The BBC TV produced a TV show featuring Billy Bunter and Co. in 1952. This show ran for 10 years (on & off).
Charles Hamilton's pen names (at least 28 of them) include Hilda Richards, Martin Clifford, Owen Conquest, Clifford Owen, and Frank Richards.
The first issue of The Magnet has the Remove doing German classes. Bulstrode is the class bully and also the form captain.
Billy Bunter never seemed to have funds, and yet managed plenty of world travel. Places he has visited include... Hong Kong, China, Singapore, Fiji, New Guinea, France, Egypt, the (fictitious) Pacific Island of Kalua-alua-lalua, & Brazil,
Billy Bunter is well known for his common sayings... like "Oh lor'", "I say you fellows" & "Oh really". But did you know that in the beginning his most common saying was "I'm sincerely sorry..."?
Some topics seemed to be "taboo" in The Magnet. One never heard any swear words, nor did anyone ever have need to use the toilet! Sex and love were also almost never mentioned, the closest that I have found being in "Wingate's Folly" (issue 200), where Wingate falls in love with a pantomime girl named Paula Bell, and tells The Head "I love her, sir!". Another, I discovered is in Harry Wharton & Co's Pantomime (Issue 409) where Nugent falls in love with a Pantomime Queen called Conchita. (What is it with Pantomime actresses??). Magnet issue 520, “A Very Gallant Gentleman”, which has the death of Courtney, also has a hint of “love” mentioned between Courtney and Violet, sister of Valence.
Armada published a paperback book called "Bunter and the Phantom of the Towers". I found this to be a reprint of Magnet issues 1244 ,1245 and 1246. On closer investigation, I found that it was NOT an exact reprint, as several chapters were in fact missing form the Armada version! I have also been advised that "Ghost of Mauleverer Towers" is also a re-print of SOL (Schoolboy's Own Library) no. 319. The Armada series contain several Magnet series - all abridged because they are re-prints of the SOL series. Hamlyn also produced paperbacks. Paperback stories include the Cunliffe series, Walter Bunter, Bunter's Convict, Strong Alzono, High Oakes Rebellion, Easter Cruise, da Costa, Egypt series, and Burglary at Popper Court.
The idea of spectacles for Billy Bunter came Frank Richards noticing a relative peering at him through spectacles, like an owl!
William Howard Baker (Bill) died in 1991. He was within 200 issues of his goal of reprinting all Magnets, when he died.
The Greyfriars Book Club collection is a series of 93 books. Each book had a limited run of 200 to 500 copies. Each was signed by Howard Baker and began to be published in 1975. Each volume was provided with a slip case with superior binding but no dust jacket. There were 5 "Collectors Pie of Magnet and Gem" volumes. They covered basically all the missing issues not published in the normal series of books. Howard Baker published nearly all issues before his death in 1991. The prices on these vary from 18 pounds to 150 for the most rare. An example is the first Wharton the Rebel series of 1924/1925 which will cost you around 175 pounds!!!!!!!!!!
Bunter's spelling is quite unique, and sometimes difficult to decipher. Here are a couple of examples of his notices...
A Meating of the Remove is speshally corled this afternoon.
Felows are rekwested to role up in the Rag at three o'clock to be adressed on a verry important subject.
Form elekshun on Wensday.
VOAT FOR BUNTER!
The undersined has the honner of ophering himself as a candydate for elekshun.
VOAT FOR BUNTER!
BUNTER"S THE MAN!
Role up in yore thowsands and voat for BUNTER!
Deer Aunt Judy,|
I told you in my last letter abowt the kid who chipt in and stopped a beestly brewt from cracking my knut. Well, old deer, I brort this kid to the skool, as there was nuthing else to be dun with him; and I've been very puzzled since to know what's to be dun. Now I've thort of what seems to me a pretty brite idea. Why shoodn't he enter at Greyfriars as a joonier, where I cood keep an eye on him? I think it can be managed, if you are willing to pay the pheeze. He's a bit backward, of corse, for a Greyfriars kid, but I shood give him some coaching, and help him on in such matters as spelling and sow on. It seems to me a verry brite idea, so will you rite and let me know what you think abowt it. I've got him stikking in an apple-loft at pressent, but, of corse, he can't stay thair for evver.
Your loving nevew,
Tom Brown is the New Zealander. It is generally accepted that he comes from "Taranaki" on New Zealand's North Island. However, I have also seen evidence that he comes from the West Coast of New Zealand's South Island! I wonder where he really comes from?
Almost every story title ends with an exclamation mark!
Hurree Jamset Ram Singh learnt his English from Mook Mookerjee, the wisest moonshee in Bhanipur.
Cooking is one of the things Bunter is really good at... That and ventriloquism!
The reign of The Magnet lasted for 1,684 weeks, but only 1,683 Magnets were published! What happened to the remaining issue? Magnet 954 appeared correctly 'labelled' 22nd May 1926. Magnet Number 955 is dated "Week Ending May 29th and June 5th 1926". It did not appear until 5th June 1926. The nine day "General Strike" (3rd to 12th May 1926) in Britain was the cause.
Frank Richards after The Magnet
Listen to this!
Advertising in the Magnet
Magnet Story Timeline
Some of my favourite passages from the Magnet
Greyfriars in the future!
Quotes & Common Sayings...
- Often uttered when referring to Bunter!
"The howling ass" - Harry Wharton etc
"The chumpfullness of the esteemed Bunter is terrific" - Hurree Jamset Ram Sing
"The frabjous chump" - Harry Wharton etc
"Oh, gad!" - Lord Mauleverer
"Look here, if you kick me again I'll - Yaroooh!" - Bunter
"You burbling bandersnatch" - Harry Wharton etc
"You pernicious porpoise" - Harry Wharton etc
"Hallo hallo hallo" - Bob Cherry
"Bless my soul!" - Dr Locke, Quelch, Prout and Others
"I guess I'm in on this" - Fisher T Fish
"Oh, crikey" - Bunter
"Upon my word" - Prout, Quelch and Others
"Yaas!" - Lord mauleverer
"It sure is the bee's knee!" - Fisher T Fish
"Beast, just a beast" - Bunter
"Go and eat coke!" - Harry Wharton etc
"Oh, really you fellows" - Bunter
"...like Nebuchadnezzar fiddling while Constantinople was burning" - Bunter
"Talk about Pontius Pilate fiddling while Carthage was burning..." - Bunter
"You cheeky fat porpoise" - Johnny Bull and Others
"Oh, my hat!" - Harry Wharton etc
"I'm fairly wide you know" - Bunter, referring to his depth of knowledge
"Great pip!" - Harry Wharton etc
"Oh, lor'" - Bunter
"Oh, crumbs!" - Bob Cherry etc
"Absquatulate!" - Fisher T Fish
"You're like a sheep's head, you know - nearly all jaw" - Bunter
"I've got a short way with fags" - Coker
"Oh scissors!" - Harry Wharton etc
"You fat villain!" - Harry Wharton etc
The following links may also be of interest to you:(Clicking the following links will open a new browser window and load the page for you...)
Relax, and try out some online games!
Take Part in an Interactive Short Story:
I can't do it all! So here is a chance for you to have your own page(s), hosted on this web site. E-mail me, with as few or as many lines as you wish, with or without picture(s), and I will format it for you, and present it here as your own page. You can choose any topic at all, provided it falls generally within the broad "Greyfriars and the like" type theme. Perhaps you might want to provide information relating to other works by Charles Hamilton I.E. Information on the sister publications like GEM, or NELSON LEE etc. You might just want to tell people about your own collection of books. Maybe you know something about the Charles Hamilton Museum. Could be that you want to write your own story. Whatever it is, this is one way to get your own page and thoughts onto the Internet! Don't be shy... send me your contribution!!
Bunter discovers he's allergic to jam;
Quelch finishes his History of Greyfriars;
The one about the brighter side of gambling and smoking;
The one where the Invisibility Ray is turned off and it turns out there was a First after all;
The one where a cycle ride doesn't end in a mugging, a bagging or someone in a ditch;
The one in which Greyfriars goes comprehensive.
Mauly the Cad!
Skinner the Hero!
Coker Listens to Reason!!
Coker Minds His Own Business!!!
Wharton Shows the White Feather!
Inky Does Not Understand!
Johnny Bull Understands!
Potter & Greene Back Up Coker!
Loder's Good Turn!
Marjorie Shows Her Knickers!!
Mr Quelch In Love!!!
Ponsonby's Good Turn!
Bunter Voluntarily Skips a Meal!
Smithy Quietly Accepts Punishment!
Alonzo Todd's Profanity!
Treluce Does Something Interesting!
Herbert Trevor - Captain of the Remove!
Mossoo Controls a Class!
Wib Makes a Major Appearance without Impersonating Anyone!
Kipps Makes a Major Appearance without doing a Conjuring Trick!
Bolsover's Compassionate Action!
Portraying Dutton Tastefully!
Fishy's Charitable Causes!
Mark Linley - Slacker!
Bob Cherry - Torturer of Fags!
Mr Prout - Conversationalist!
Bunter joins Jenny Craig !
Bunter the Fitness Fanatic!
Bunter Loses his Appetite!
And finally, a little about me:
My interest in Billy Bunter started when I was about 12, with a paperback book called "Billy Bunter's Postal Order" That would have been back around 1972! Once I discovered the Howard Baker reprints of The Magnet, my interest was sealed. I was hooked. Over the years I have collected quite a few omnibus volumes by Howard Baker, and a few original copies of The Magnet.
My collection is far from complete, I guess that living in New Zealand makes it harder than ever to accumulate Magnet issues as our population here is so small ( 4 million people, with around 1.5 million living in my home city of Auckland ).
Thank you for taking the time to visit my website.
"...and if you didn't enjoy reading my website,
then all I can jolly well say is- Yaroooh...!"